Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
Declaración de privacidad

 
 

 

 

 
Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Volume XVIII, issue 1, January - April 2012
play_arrow
play_arrow
play_arrow

FERTILIZACIÓN CON NITRÓGENO, FÓSFORO Y POTASIO EN UN LATIZAL DE Pinus patula Schl. et Cham.
FERTILIZATION WITH NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS AND POTASSIUM IN Pinus patula Schl. et Cham SAMPLINGS.

Miguel A. López-López; J. Jesús Vargas-Hernández; Armando Gómez-Guerrero; Martha Olivia Lázaro-Dzul; Juan Velázquez-Mendoza; Ma. Edna Álvarez-Sánchez

http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2011.01.001

Received: 2011-01-11

Accepted: 2011-11-01

Available online: / pages.33-42

 

picture_as_pdfDownload cloudxml picture_as_pdf View Online
  • descriptionAbstract

    The forests today face the problem of productivity; it is demanded to increase in quantity and quality. Forest growth depends on several factors, including soil, which acts on the tree by the water and min¬eral elements. Forest productivity is increased by improving nutrient availability through fertilization. Consequently, this research is aimed to study the nitrogen fertilization (0, 138, 185), phosphorus (0, 15, 21), and potassium (0, 123, 164) kg•ha-1 compared to the growth of new foliage, using a 33 factorial experiment in a Pinus patula Schl. et Cham plantation of 10 year old trees, in Aquixtla, Puebla, dur¬ing 2009-2010. The instantaneous relative growth rate (TCRI, by its acronym in Spanish) in terms of new growth was better (0.0255 mL•mL-1•day-1) with a 185-0-0 kg•ha-1 NPK dose; and TCRI dry weight was better (0.0254 and 0.0249 g•g-1•day-1, respectively) with a 138-0-0 and 138-0-123 dose. Nitrogen deficiency was determined, which was attributed to soil acidity and the slow mineralization of organic matter. The recommended dose for soil and climatic conditions of the experimental site was 185-0-0 kg•ha-1 for volume of new foliage and 138-0-0 NPK kg•ha-1 for dry weight.

    Keyworks: relative growth rate, new foliage, liquid fertilizers
  • beenhereReferences
    • Black, C. A. (1975). Relaciones Suelo-Planta. Argentina: Hemisferio Sur.

    • Crous, J. W., Morris, A. R., & Scholes, M. C. (2009). Effect of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer on tree growth and dry timber production of Pinus patula on gabbro-derived soils in Swaziland. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 71(3), 235-243

    • Dovey, S. B. (2009). Estimating biomass and macronutrient content of some commercially important plantation species in South Africa. Australian Forestry, 72(2), 99-111.

    • Fisher, R. & Binkley, D. (2000). Ecology and Management of Forest soils (3a ed.). USA: John Wiley & Sons.

    • Fox, T. R., Allen, H. L., Albaugh, T. J., Rubilar, R. & Carlson, C. A. (2007). Tree nutrition and forest fertilization of pine plantations in the southern United States. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, 31(1), 5-11.

    • Hewitt, E. J. & Smith, T. A. (1975). Plant mineral nutrition. London: The University Press.

    • Hunt, R. (1981). Plant growth analysis. London: Edward Arnold.

    • Huber, Don M. & Thompson I. A. (2007). Nitrogen and plant disease. In: L.E., Datnoff, W.H., Elmer, and Don M., Huber, (Eds.), Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease (pp. 31-44). USA: The American Phytopathological Society Press.

    • Kramer, J. P. & Kozlowski, T. (1979). Physiology of Wood Plants. New York: Academic Press.

    • Mayor, X., Belmonte, H., Rodrigo, A., Rodá, F. & Piñol, J. (1994). Crecimiento diametral de la encina (Quercus ilex L.) en un año de abundante precipitación estival: efecto de la irrigación previa y de la fertilización. Orsis, 9, 13-23.

    • Mengel, K. & Kirkby, E. A. (1982). Principles of plant nutrition. Switzerland: International Potash Institute.

    • Morris, A. R. (2003). Site and stand age effects on fertilizer responses in Pinus patula pulpwood plantations in Swaziland. Southern African. Journal Forestry, 199, 27-39.

    • Oliét, J., Robredo, E., Salazar, J. M. & Villar, R. (2008). Fertilización otoñal de encina en vivero: efectos sobre la morfología, nutrientes, potencial de enraizamiento y respuesta postrasplante. Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales, 28, 171-176.

    • Ortiz-Villanueva, B. (1973). Edafología. México. Patena.

    • Porta, J., López-Acevedo, M. & Roquero, C. (2003). Edafología para la agricultura y el medio ambiente (3a ed.). España: Mundi Prensa

    • Puértolas, J., Gil, L. & Pardos, J. A. (2003). Effects of nutritional status and seedling size on field performance of Pinus halepensis planted on former arable land in the Mediterranean basin. Forestry, 76(2), 159-168.

    • Pritchett, W. (1991). Suelos forestales. Propiedades, conservación y mejoramiento. México: Limusa

    • Rikala, R. & Repo, T. (1997). The effect of late summer fertilization on the frost hardening of second-year Scots pine seedlings. New Forests, 14, 33–44.

    • Tippens, P. (2001). Física: conceptos y aplicaciones (4a ed.). México: McGraw-Hill Interamericana.

    • Turner, J., Mambert, M. J. & Humphreys, F. R. (2002). Continuing growth response to phosphate fertilizers by a Pinus radiate plantation over fifty years. Forest Science a Quartely Journal of Research Technical Progress, 48(3), 556-568.

    • Villar-Salvador, P., Planelles, R., Enríquez, E. & Peñuelas, J. L. (2004). Nursery cultivation regimes, plant functional attributes, and field performance relationships in the Mediterranean oak Quercus ilex L. Forest Ecolgy Manegement, 196, 257-266.

  • starCite article

    López-López, M. A.,  Vargas-Hernández, J. J.,  Gómez-Guerrero, A., Lázaro-Dzul, M. O.,  Velázquez-Mendoza, J., &  Álvarez-Sánchez, M. E. (2012).  FERTILIZATION WITH NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS AND POTASSIUM IN Pinus patula Schl. et Cham SAMPLINGS.. Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, XVIII(1), 33-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2011.01.001