Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
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Volume XXIV, issue 3, - 2018

Caracterización de cuatro bosques de pino piñonero del estado de Zacatecas, México
Characterization of four pinyon pine forests in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico

Ezra J. E. Barrera-Zubiaga; Diódoro Granados-Sánchez; Ro L. Granados-Victorino; Mario Luna-Cavazos

Received: 2017-03-01

Accepted: 2018-05-15

Available online: 2018-05-28 / pages.275-296


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  • descriptionAbstract

    Introduction: Communities dominated in the canopy by pinyon pines harbor species richness and have complex physiognomy because they form an ecotone between arid and temperate zones.
    Objectives: To describe the floristic attributes that distinguish four communities dominated by pinyon pines; define units based on floristic composition and structure; and determine the influence of edaphic factors.
    Materials and methods: The flora of four communities in the state of Zacatecas was recorded. The arboreal and shrub vegetation was analyzed quantitatively using the point-centered quarter technique. Semi-realistic physiognomic profiles were made for each site. The groups resulting from cluster analysis were ordered with edaphic factors through a canonical correspondence analysis.
    Results and discussion: Floristic richness was 244 species; each community contains between 60 and 80 species. Structurally, three physiognomic variants were recorded: forests dominated by Pinus cembroides Zucc.; association of P. cembroides - P. cembroides var. bicolor Little; and forest dominated by P. maximartinezii Rzed. The pH, electrical conductivity and soil texture have a great influence on the structure and plant composition of the communities. The P. cembroides - P. cembroides var. bicolor association and its accompanying species develop in nutrient-poor soils, while P. maximartinezii forests prefer shallow soils.
    Conclusion: The floristic similarity among communities was low. Each community must be managed differently, meeting the particular requirements of the species that develop there.

    Keyworks: Pine nut; Pinus cembroides; Pinus maximartinezii; edaphic factors; physiognomic structure

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  • starCite article

    Barrera-Zubiaga, E. J.,  Granados-Sánchez, D., Granados-Victorino, R. L.,  &  Luna-Cavazos, M. (2018).  Characterization of four pinyon pine forests in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico. , XXIV(3), 275-296.