Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
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Volume XXIV, issue 3, - 2018
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Comunidades de orla forestal en el suroeste de la península ibérica
Forest fringe communities of the southwestern Iberian Peninsula

Ricardo Quinto-Canas; Paula Mendes; Ana Cano-Ortiz; Carmelo Maria Musarella; Carlos Pinto-Gomes

http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2017.12.072

Received: 2017-12-07

Accepted: 2018-08-02

Available online: 2018-08-24 / pages.415-434

 

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  • descriptionAbstract

    Introduction: Forest and pre-forest fringe communities in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula are semi-shaded perennial herbs of external fringe and open areas of evergreen or semi-deciduous woodlands and their pre-forestry mantles, linked to the Stachyo lusitanicae-Cheirolophenion sempervirentis suballiance.
    Objective: To evaluate the chorology, ecological features and floristic circumscription of the forest fringe communities of the southwestern Iberian Peninsula.
    Materials and methods: Forest fringe communities adscribed to the Stachyo lusitanicae-Cheirolophenion sempervirentis suballiance were analysed, using phytosociological approach (Braun-Blanquet methodology) and numerical analysis (hierarchical cluster analysis).
    Results and discussion: The statistical and phytosociological analysis of six formerly described associations and the samples of this study lead us to propose a new forest fringe association: Picrido spiniferae-Cynarietum algarbiensis, dominated by Cynara algarbiensis Coss. ex Mariz. This forest fringe community is characteristic of the thermomediterranean to mesomediterranean, lower sub-humid bioclimate and occurs in the potential areas of the Quercus suber L. forests (Lavandulo viridis-Quercetum suberis), mainly in the Monchique Sierran District.
    Conclusion: The statistical and phytosociological analysis were useful in the evaluation of forest fringe communities in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Regarding the proposal of the new association Picrido spiniferae-Cynarietum algarbiensis, it is important to develop management strategies for the preservation of the endemic C. algarbiensis. Keywords: Stachyo lusitanicae-Cheirolophenion sempervirentis suballiance; phytosociology; Cynara algarbiensis; endemic flora; cluster analysis

    Keyworks: Stachyo lusitanicae-Cheirolophenion sempervirentis suballiance; phytosociology; Cynara algarbiensis; endemic flora; cluster analysis

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  • starCite article

    Quinto-Canas, R., Mendes, P., Cano-Ortiz, A., Musarella, C. M.,  &  Pinto-Gomes, C. (2018).  Forest fringe communities of the southwestern Iberian Peninsula. , XXIV(3), 415-434. http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2017.12.072