Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
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Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Volume XXV, issue 1, January - April 2019
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Optimización de un sistema de cultivo in vitro basado en cotiledonesmaduros para la inducción de callos embriogénicos en algarrobo (Ceratoniasiliqua L.)
Optimization of a mature cotyledons-based in vitro culture system forembryogenic-callus induction in carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)

Assia Lozzi; Rabha Abdelwahd; Driss Alami-Halimi; Rachid Mentag; Abdelhadi Abousalim

http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2018.06.053

Received: 2018-06-27

Accepted: 2018-11-30

Available online: 2018-12-05 / pages.71-84

 

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  • descriptionAbstract

    Introduction: The carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is one of the most important plant species cultivated in the Mediterranean area.  The species is in high market demand, but traditional propagation methods have not been able to satisfy it. Therefore, the use of in vitro techniques seems appropriate for the establishment of large-scale carob orchards.
    Objectives: To assess the effects of five carob genotypes on embryogenic-calli induction andto optimize culture medium composition for better growth.
    Materials and methods: The mature seeds of C. siliqua of the variety "Dkar", which grow infive regions of Morocco, were used as sources of explants of cotyledons.  Five genotypes(‘GH’, ‘GO’, ‘GM’, ‘GA’, and ‘GB’) and four culture media (MS, B5, WPM and DKW)supplemented with three 2,4-D concentrations (2.5, 5 and  10 µM) were evaluated  in  this study. Sucrose and mannitol were also tested at different concentrations (0, 45, 90, 135 and180 µM).
    Results and discussion: All the tested genotypes showed high callus induction levels (75 to 100 %). The Gamborg medium (B5) supplemented with 2.5 µM 2,4-D produced the highest dry weight (32.5 g) of creamy white calli. The highest amount of friable creamy-white calliwas obtained in the  medium supplemented with 90 mM  of sucrose. Histological  analysis showed the presence of meristematic centers that became embryogenic masses and globularproembryos.
    Conclusion: Mature cotyledons of C. siliqua have potential for induction and proliferation ofembryonic callus. This study aims to contribute to developing an appropriate protocol formass propagation of carob.

    Keyworks: Fabaceae; genotype; mineral nutrients; sucrose; histological study
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  • starCite article

    Lozzi, A., Abdelwahd, R., Alami-Halimi, D., Mentag, R., &  Abousalim, A. (2019).  Optimization of a mature cotyledons-based in vitro culture system forembryogenic-callus induction in carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.). Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, XXV(1), 71-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2018.06.053