Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
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Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Volume XXV, issue 2, May - August 2019

Brotes históricos de descortezadores en México, Guatemala y Honduras (1895-2015) y su relación con las sequías
Historical bark beetle outbreaks in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras (1895-2015) and their relationship with droughts

Rosalinda Cervantes-Martínez; Julián Cerano-Paredes; Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez; José Villanueva-Díaz; Gerardo Esquivel-Arriaga; Víctor Hugo Cambrón-Sandoval; Jorge Méndez-González; Luis U. Castruita-Esparza

Received: 2019-01-15

Accepted: 2019-03-19

Available online: 2019-04-11 / pages.269-290


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  • descriptionAbstract

    Introduction: In the United States of America, forest pests are associated with climate variability. Such studies are scarce in Mexico.
    Objectives: To create a data base of historical outbreaks of bark beetles and analyze their relationship with drought.
    Materials and methods: Historical records of outbreaks of bark beetles were obtained from official documents in Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras. Dendroclimatic indices were used as a climate proxy. The relationship between pest outbreaks and climate was analyzed with the Superpose Epoch Analysis (SEA).
    Results and discussion: A database of 120 years (1895-2015) of bark beetle outbreaks was created. The most frequent species were Dendroctonus mexicanus Hopkins, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann and Dendroctonus adjunctus Blandford. A total of 106 records of outbreaks in 15 states of Mexico were recorded during the period 1903-2015; 16 outbreaks in Guatemala during the period 1895-2013, and 15 outbreaks in Honduras during the period 1962-2015. Historically, outbreaks were recorded in years with below-average precipitation (550 mm) and have increased since 1970. The SEA determined that bark beetle outbreaks in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras were recorded during dry years (P < 0.05) with non-significant positive values (P > 0.05) of NIÑO 3 and PDSI (Palmer Drought Severity Index) and significant negative indices (P < 0.01) of NIÑO 3 and PDSI in the year prior to the outbreak, conditions involving intense drought.
    Conclusion: A significant relationship was determined between bark beetle outbreaks and drought conditions for the last 120 years.

    Keyworks: Dendroctonus; conifers; climate variability; El Niño Southern Oscillation; Palmer Drought Severity Index
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  • starCite article

    Cervantes-Martínez, R., Cerano-Paredes, J., Sánchez-Martínez, G., Villanueva-Díaz, J., Esquivel-Arriaga, G., Cambrón-Sandoval, V. H.,  Méndez-González, J., &  Castruita-Esparza, L. U. (2019).  Historical bark beetle outbreaks in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras (1895-2015) and their relationship with droughts. Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, XXV(2), 269-290.