Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
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Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente
Volume XXV, issue 3, September - December 2019
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La rehabilitación forestal y su papel en la conservación avifaunística en El Porvenir, Hidalgo, México
Forest rehabilitation and its role in bird conservation in El Porvenir, Hidalgo, Mexico

Francisco Montoya-Reyes; Francisca O. Plascencia-Escalante; Saúl Ugalde-Lezama; Luis A. Tarango-Arámbula; María T. García-Osorio; Leonardo A. Beltrán-Rodríguez

http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2018.12.091

Received: 2018-12-07

Accepted: 2019-07-18

Available online: 2019-07-26 / pages.441-459

 

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  • descriptionAbstract

    Introduction: Conserving terrestrial ecosystems in good condition is a global challenge. In Mexico, forest rehabilitation is a widely used practice to achieve this task. 
    Objective: To analyze the effect of forest rehabilitation on avifauna parameters (richness, abundance and diversity) and vegetation structure.
    Materials and methods: The study was conducted in El Porvenir, Hidalgo, Mexico, in areas under forest rehabilitation with Pinus greggii Engelm. ex Parl. aged 5(R5), 12(R12) and 14(R14) years, and in a Pinus cembroides Zucc. forest as a reference site (RS). Sampling was done using a systematic grid design.  Avifauna presence was monitored under two schemes: fixed-radius point counts and capture by constant-effort mist-netting. The tree structure was characterized by the point-centered quarter method. Differences between conditions were tested with a permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA). 
    Results and discussion: The RS had the highest bird richness (34) and showed significant differences (P = 0.0003) with rehabilitation conditions. The distribution of abundance in R5 and R14 was fitted to a geometric model, R12 to a logarithmic model and RS to a log-normal one, exhibiting significant differences among them (P = 0.033). Bird diversity presented differences between conditions (P = 0.005); the maximum similarity was between R14 and RS. The older the forest rehabilitation age, the more the vegetation structure and bird parameters increased.
    Conclusion: The areas under forest rehabilitation function as reservoirs for the maintenance and conservation of avifauna in disturbed environments.

    Keyworks: avifauna; biodiversity; vegetation structure; disturbed environments; PERMANOVA
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  • starCite article

    Montoya-Reyes, F., Plascencia-Escalante, F. O.,  Ugalde-Lezama, S., Tarango-Arámbula, L. A.,  García-Osorio, M. T.,  &  Beltrán-Rodríguez, L. A. (2019).  Forest rehabilitation and its role in bird conservation in El Porvenir, Hidalgo, Mexico. Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, XXV(3), 441-459. http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.rchscfa.2018.12.091